This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Submarine Optical Fiber Cables in Thousand Kilometers. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the Africa, Transatlantic, Europe & Mediterranean, Transpacific, and South East Asia. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2014 through 2020. Also, a seven-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 111 companies including many key and niche players such as -
Bezeq International Ltd.
Bharti Airtel Limited
Cable & Wireless Communications Plc
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TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. INTRODUCTION, METHODOLOGY & PRODUCT DEFINITIONS Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations I-1 Disclaimers I-2 Data Interpretation & Reporting Level I-2 Quantitative Techniques & Analytics I-3 Product Definitions and Scope of Study I-3 Submarine Optical Fiber Cables I-3 II. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1. INDUSTRY OVERVIEW II-1 Prelude II-1 Growth Drivers in a Nutshell II-2 Fiber Optics - The Preferred Transmission Medium for Undersea Applications II-2 Internet’s Rising Contribution to Economy: Need for Submarine Cables II-3 Rising Bandwidth Demand Putting the Global Submarine Cables Market in Overdrive II-3 Table 1: Global Used Bandwidth (in Gbps) for years 2009 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-4 Table 2: Number of Internet Users Worldwide (in Million) and Penetration Percentage for Years 2001, 2011 & 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-5 Table 3: Global Internet Usage (2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of Number of Internet Users for Select Countries (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-6 Table 4: Worldwide Internet Penetration Rates (%) by Region: January 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-6 Table 5: Top Ten Internet Countries: Ranked by Number of Internet Users (in Millions): January 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-7 Table 6: Worldwide Active Broadband (Fixed & Mobile) Per 100 People (2013): Breakdown by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-7 Internet Traffic on the Rise II-8 Table 7: Global IP Traffic by Geographic Region (2013 & 2018) (in exabytes per month) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-9 Table 8: Global IP Traffic by Type of Device (2013 & 2018): Percentage Share Breakdown of Monthly IP Traffic for M2M, Personal Computers, Smartphones, Tablets, Televisions, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-10 Rise in IP-enabled Devices Necessitates Bandwidth Capacity Expansion II-10 Table 9: Global Mobile Broadband Subscriptions (in Million) in Developed and Developing Countries (2014) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-11 Table 10: Active Mobile Broadband Subscriptions per 100 Inhabitants (2007-2014) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-12 Table 11: Active Mobile Broadband Subscriptions per 100 Inhabitants by Region (2014) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-12 Decentralization of International Bandwidth Demand & Cable Systems II-13 Table 12: Global Used International Bandwidth by Geographic Region (2009-2013): Ranked by % CAGR for Middle East, Africa, Latin America, Asia, Europe, North America, and Oceania (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-13 Growth in Internet Video to Trigger Use of Submarine Cable Systems II-13 Table 13: Consumer Internet Video Traffic by Geographic Region (2014 & 2018) (in exabytes per month) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-14 Mobile Videos Streaming Gathers Steam II-15 Table 14: Smartphone Penetration Worldwide (as a Percentage of Total Population) for Major Countries: 2014E (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-16 Table 15: Smartphone Penetration Rate (%) for Select Countries Worldwide as a Percentage of Mobile Phone Users: 2014 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-17 Table 16: Global Smartphones Market by Geographic Region - Annual Shipments in Thousand Units for Years 2014 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-18 Impact of Economic Uncertainties on Submarine Cables Market II-18 Demand for International Submarine Cable Capacity on the Rise II-19 Table 17: Global Activated Capacity on Major Long-Haul Routes (2007-2013) (in Gbps) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-20 Saturation in Mature Markets Pushes Carriers to Seek New Opportunities II-20 Emerging Markets Offer World of Possibilities II-21 Submarine Cable Companies Focus on Unserved Routes II-21 Lack of New Submarine Cable System Installations: A Cause of Concern? II-21 Existing Intercontinental Submarine Cable Systems II-22 Table 18: Existing Systems and Capacity Vs Proposed Systems & Capacity II-24 Upgrades Find Favor over New Subsea Network Installations II-24 Table 19: Potential Lit Capacity (%) on Major Submarine Cable Routes Worldwide (2010-2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart)) II-25 Table 20: Worldwide Submarine Cable Network Market (2009-2012): Percentage Share Breakdown of 10G, 40G and 100G by Upgrade Technology (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-26 Major 100G System Upgrade Projects by Company (2013 & 2014) II-26 Cable Deployment Projects for New Routes on the Rise II-27 Table 21: Worldwide New Submarine Cable Construction Projects (2012-2015): Percentage Share Breakdown of Construction Costs for Africa, Asia, Europe-Asia, Latin America & Caribbean, Mediterranean, Middle East, Oceania, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-27 Proposed Submarine Cable Projects Worldwide: An Overview II-28 Financing Structure of Submarine Cable Systems II-30 Table 22: Funding for New Submarine Fiber Optic Cable Systems (1987-2014 & 2010-2014): Percentage Share Breakdown of Investment by Financier(s) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-30 Investments in New Projects: Slow Yet Steady Inflows II-31 Table 23: Global Submarine Optical Fiber Cable Market (2008-2014): Percentage Share Breakdown of Investments in New Projects by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-32 Table 24: Global Submarine Optical Fiber Cable Market: Breakdown of Annual Investments in New Projects (in US$ Million) by Ready-For-Service (RFS) Date (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-32 Table 25: Proposed New Submarine Optical Fiber Projects for the Year 2015 and Beyond - Percentage Share Breakdown of Investments by Category (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-33 Table 26: Proposed New Submarine Fiber Optic Projects for the Year 2015 and Beyond - Percentage Share Breakdown of New Projects by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-33 Unconventional Applications Provide Growth Opportunities II-33 Creating Mesh Networks for Greater Reliability and Faster Connectivity II-34 Low Latency of Cable Systems: Sought After among Electronic Trading Companies II-34 Technology Advances Promise Faster Undersea Transmissions II-34 Service Providers Focus on Improving Flexibility of Submarine Cable Networks II-35 Subsea Cables Encounter Challenges due to Big Data II-36 Submarine Cables: At Risk from Snooping, Natural Disasters & Financial Crisis II-36 Congestion, Political Feuds Push Subsea Cable Companies to Seek Alternate Routes II-37 Upgrade Suppliers Gaining Prominence II-38 Table 27: Leading Suppliers of New Systems in the Submarine Cable Systems Market (2004-2014): Percentage Share Breakdown of New Systems Supplied for Primary Contracts for Alcatel-Lucent, Fujitsu, Huawei Marine, NEC, NSW, TE SubCom and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-39 SLTE Market Slowdown Affects Vendor Margins II-39 Table 28: Leading Vendors in the Global Submarine System Construction Market (2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of Revenues for Alcatel Lucent, TE SubCom, NEC Group and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-40 Table 29: Leading Vendors in the Global Submarine Cables Market (2008-2012): Percentage Share Breakdown of Supply Contracts for Alcatel-Lucent, TE SubCom, NEC, Huawei Marine Networks, Fujitsu, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-40 2. SUBMARINE OPTICAL FIBER CABLES: AN INTRODUCTION II-41 Submarine Optical Fiber Cables II-41 History and Development II-41 Optical Telephone Cables II-42 Basic Structure of Submarine Communication Cable II-42 Other Components of Submarine Cable Network II-43 Cable Landing Points II-43 Cable Landing Stations II-43 Cable Termination Stations II-44 IT Systems II-44 Submarine Branching Units II-44 Ownership Structure in Submarine Cable Industry II-44 Submarine Cables: An Edge over Satellite Communications II-45 SEA-ME-WE 3: The Longest Submarine Cable Network II-45 3. REGULATORY LANDSCAPE II-46 Regulations for Cable Deployment and Protection II-46 2011 Omnibus Resolution on Oceans and the Law of the Sea: Glance at Key Specifications II-46 A Peek into Provisions of UNCLOS for Undersea Cables II-47 Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables II-47 Australia: Legal Framework for Submarine Cables II-47 4. RECENT INDUSTRY ACTIVITY II-48 Tata Communications Purchases Significant Capacity in Seabras- 1 Submarine Cable II-48 Telekom Malaysia Bags Contract to Develop and Construct new 3 ,500km Submarine Cable System II-48 Trans Pacific Express Selects Ciena for Submarine Cable Upgrade II-48 Brazil Mulling Plans to Deploy Underwater Fiber Optic Cables in Amazon Basin II-48 Telstra Introduces 100 Gbps Connectivity on APAC Submarine Cables II-48 Alcatel-Lucent and ACE Consortium Completes Field Trial on ACE System II-48 Telstra Upgrades Select Undersea Cables with 100Gbps Speeds II-48 Hibernia Networks to Connect Express cable to Cork, Ireland II-49 Alcatel-Lucent to Construct Tasman Global Access Undersea Cable System II-49 Alcatel-Lucent and Cinia Group to Deploy New 100G Undersea Cable System Linking Finland to Germany II-49 Xtera Awards Research Contract to Fraunhofer HHI II-49 CWC to Acquire Columbus International II-49 Alcatel-Lucent Commences Construction of Sea-Me-We 5 Undersea Cable System II-49 Alcatel-Lucent and Seaborn Networks Commences Construction of US-Brazil Seabras-1 Submarine Fiber Optic Cabl System II-49 Seaborn Networks Enters into Agreement with Microsoft II-50 Alcatel-Lucent and SAT-3/WASC/SAFE Consortium Upgrade the SAT -3/WASC Undersea Cable System II-50 Chunghwa Telecom Enters into an Agreement for Construction of New Cross Pacific Submarine Cable II-50 Alcatel-Lucent Submarine Networks Enters into Agreement with Sercel to Acquire Optoplan II-50 Alcatel-Lucent to Launch Submarine Networks Business II-50 Alcatel-Lucent Enters into Contract with SEA-ME-WE 5 Consortium for New Undersea Cable System II-50 Alcatel-Lucent to Upgrade EASSy Submarine Cable System II-50 Angola Cables Enters into Contract with NEC II-51 Europe India Gateway Upgrades International Submarine Cable System with Ciena II-51 Huawei Marine Networks Commences Manufacturing of Far East Submarine System II-51 Angola Cables, Algar Telecom, Antel and Google to Build New Undersea Fiber-Optic Cable II-51 AAG Consortium Selects Ciena to Upgrade Trans-Pacific Cable Network II-51 Tyco Electronics Clinches Contract from Navy II-51 Ciena, Southern Cross and Vodafone New Zealand Collaborate II-51 EQT Infrastructure II Acquires IslaLink Submarine Cables II-52 Digicel Acquires Submarine Fibre Network across the Caribbean Region II-52 Alcatel-Lucent Commences Construction of Subsea Cable for Seaborn II-52 Seaborn Networks Increases Submarine Fiber Optic Capacity II-52 Digicel to Build New Undersea Cable Connecting All Pacific Islands II-52 Telkom Invests in the Upgrade on SAT-3/WASC/ SAFE Submarine Cable System II-52 Globe Telecom Join Forces with International Telecom Companies II-52 PLDT Selects PCCW Global to Build new Fibre-Optic Network II-52 Google Collaborates with Leading Telecom Companies to Deploy Fastest Trans-Pacific Submarine Cable II-53 Six-Company Global Consortium to Construct new Trans-Pacific Cable System II-53 TE SubCom Commences new Hibernia Express Submarine Cable System II-53 Orange to Build New High-Speed Submarine Cable II-53 IslaLink Deploys Infinera DTN-X Packet Optical Transport Networking Platform for Submarine Network II-53 Global Cloud Xchange to Lay New Submarine Fiber Optic Cables II-53 Xtera Communications Bags Contract from DISA II-53 NTT to Lay First Submarine Optical Fiber Cable in Cambodia II-54 New Submarine Fiber Optic Cable Lands in Conakry, Guinea II-54 Huawei, Huawei Marine and Tata Communications Conclude First 400G Field Trial on Long-Haul Subsea Network of Over 6000km II-54 Alcatel-Lucent Upgrades Apollo Undersea Cable System II-54 Dialog Axiata to Invest in New BBG Submarine Cable System II-54 Huawei Marine Networks Enters into Partnership with Telkom Indonesia II-54 Level 3 Communications to Build Pacific Ocean Submarine Cable Network II-54 i2i Upgrades Submarine Network Using Ciena’s Converged Packet Optical and Network Management Solutions II-54 MENA Cables Enters into IRU Agreement with Telecom Egypt II-55 Telstra Upgrades Multiple Submarine Cables II-55 Palau Telecoms Inks LOI with Xtera Communications II-55 Ciena® and Pacnet Upgrade Trans-Pacific Submarine Cable II-55 Ocean Networks Signs LOI with Xtera Communications II-55 Australia Japan Cable Deploys Infinera DTN-X Packet Optical Transport Networking Platform for Submarine Routes II-55 Xtera Demonstrates Unrepeatered Transmission Performance II-55 Reliance Globalcom Selects Ciena’s GeoMesh Solution to Upgrade FA-1 North Submarine Cable System II-55 Telefónica Global Solutions Selects Ciena’s GeoMesh Solution to Expand SAm-1 Submarine and Terrestrial Network II-56 Pacnet Deploys Optical Mesh Network on its EAC Pacific Fiber Optic Cable System II-56 PCCW Global Lands West Africa Cable System II-56 Dolphin Telecoms to Land New Submarine Cable in Nigeria II-56 Farice Deploys Ciena’s 100G Coherent Optical Transport Technology to Upgrade the FARICE-1 Submarine Cable Network II-56 Huawei Marine Networks Commences Commercial Operation of Branching Unit Manufacturing Plant and Second Generation Undersea Repeater II-56 Bahamas Telecommunications Chooses Huawei Marine Optix BWS 1600S to Upgrade BDSNi II-56 NTT Installs Upgraded 100Gbps Digital Coherent Technology on Trans-Pacific Route II-57 Angola Cables Inks Agreement with Epsilon Telecommunications II-57 Ezecom and Telekom Malaysia Ink MoU II-57 SEACOM to Construct SAMS Cable II-57 Alcatel-Lucent and WACS Ink Submarine Agreement II-57 Omantel Signs Agreement to Construct BBG Submarine Cable System II-57 Orange Tunisia and Tunisiana Ink Agreement with Interoute to Commission Didon Submarine Cable II-57 CWC and Columbus Ink Strategic Alliance II-58 Expresso Telecom Group Introduces ACE Submarine Cable Station II-58 Reliance Jio Infocomm Teams Up with Vodafone to Build Subsea Cable Network II-58 ECFS Consortium Chooses Xtera to Upgrade Festoon Subsea Cable System II-58 Reliance JioInfocomm Inks Agreement with Bharti Airtel Ink Agreement for Using Undersea Cable II-58 Telefonica, MedNautilus, PIPE Networks, PACNET and KDDI Selects Infinera DTN-X Platform to Expand Subsea Networks II-58 OSI Awards Supply Contract to TE SubCom for the POSEIDON Submarine Cable Project II-58 Telstra Inks MOU with SubPartners to Build APX West Submarine Cable II-59 Infinera Supplies DTN-X Platform to Pacnet II-59 Reliance Globalcom Selects Ciena’s GeoMesh Solution to Upgrade Trans-Atlantic FA-1 South Submarine Network II-59 SEACOM Selects Ciena’s 6500 Packet-Optical Platform and OneControl Unified Management System to Upgrade Submarine Network II-59 Reliance Globalcom Upgrades Trans-Atlantic FA-1 South Sub-sea Network with GeoMesh II-59 MedNautilus Deploys Infinera DTN-X Platform across the Mediterranean II-59 Fujitsu and NEC Conclude Construction of Asia Submarine-cable Express System II-59 Global Caribbean Fiber Selects Ciena for Upgrading Antilles Crossing Submarine Network II-60 TE SubCom Upgrades Trans-Pacific Express Submarine Cable System II-60 KDDI Chooses Infinera DTN-X with Instant Bandwidth™ for 100G Upgrade of Cable System II-60 Tata Communications to Introduce 100-Gbps Services on TGN- Atlantic Submarine Fiber-Optic Cable System II-60 Alcatel-Lucent and América Móvil to Develop América Móvil 1 Submarine Cable System II-60 Infinera Supplies Infinera DTN-X Platform to OVH II-60 NEC Secures Supply Contract from Chunghwa Telecom II-60 Xtera Unveils 100G Technology for Subsea Cable Systems II-61 Tata Communications Upgrades TGN-Atlantic Sub-Sea Cable System II-61 China Unicom Unveils Undersea Fiber-Optic Cable to Link Taiwan and China II-61 Alcatel-Lucent Upgrades Trans-Pacific Cable System II-61 TSE-1 consortium Launch TSE-1 Submarine Cable II-61 Pacnet to Deploy Integrated OTN Switching and 100 Gb/s Optical Mesh Network II-61 Huawei Marine Releases RPT 1660 and BU1650 for Commercial Availability II-61 Alcatel-Lucent to Divest Submarine-cable Unit II-61 Ciena and Farice to Jointly Upgrade DANICE Submarine Cable System II-61 ACE Consortium Unveils ACE Submarine Cable II-62 Main One Cable Renews Marine Maintenance Contract with Alcatel-Lucent II-62 Alcatel-Lucent Bags Contract to Upgrade MAYA-1 Submarine Cable System II-62 Angola Cable Launches Angola-Brazil Undersea Cable System II-62 NTT Communications Announces ASE Link to Hong Kong II-62 France Telecom to Introduce Fiber Optic Submarine Cable System II-62 Reliance Globalcom to Upgrade FLAG Europe- Asia Undersea Network with Ciena's WaveLogic™ 100G Networking Solutions II-62 Mitsubishi Electric Completes Upgrade of India-Middle East- Western Europe Cable Network System II-63 Cyprus Telecommunications Authority Installs DTN-X Platform of Infinera II-63 Telmax Obtains Approval for AMX-1 Submarine Cable from SEMARNAT II-63 Gulf Bridge International and Xtera Communications Introduce Repeatered Submarine Cable System II-63 Telefonica International Wholesale Services to Upgrade Undersea Cable System with Infinera DTN-X Platform II-63 Latin American Nautilus Upgrades its Submarine Network II-63 Oceanteam Shipping and WIND Form Joint Venture II-63 Telebras and IslaLink Ink Memorandum of Understanding for Submarine Cable Network II-64 PIPE Networks to Upgrade Submarine Cable System with Infinera DTN-X Platform II-64 Tamares Telecom Deploys Xtera’s Platform in SLTE Configuration II-64 Chunghwa Telecom Completes Work on Kinmen-Xiamen Submarine Cable System II-64 Eurofiber Uses Infinera DTN Platform to Offer 100GbE Services II-64 Ciena® Corporation Collaborates with LION2 Consortium II-64 TIME dotCom Berhad Signs Construction and Maintenance Agreement II-64 Reliance Globalcom Introduces New Undersea Cable in Iraq II-64 ACPL, IOCPL and Global Marine Renew Undersea Cable Maintenance Contracts II-65 GlobeNet Announces Extension of Subsea Network to Colombia II-65 Batelco and GBI Enter into Agreement II-65 South African Government and Major Telecommunications Operators Introduce WACS Submarine Cable System II-65 The Consortium Rolls Out West Africa Cable System II-65 Tonga Cable Selects Alcatel-Lucent for Laying Undersea Cable Links II-65 Digicel Announces FibraLink Extension to Haiti II-65 Angola Cables and Telebras Ink Agreement II-65 Tata Communications Completes Construction of Tata Global Network-Eurasia Cable System II-66 Emerald Networks Selects TE SubCom II-66 Seaborn Networks to Establish Direct Link between New York and Sao Paulo II-66 Main One Increases Lit Capacity on Submarine Fibre Optic Cable System II-66 TE SubCom Announces Completion of TGN-Gulf and TGN-EA Undersea Cables II-66 Vodafone Acquires Cable and Wireless Worldwide II-66 SCCN and AARNet Enhance Capacity II-66 ASSC-1 Communications Group Unveils Perth to Singapore Submarine Cable System II-66 GBI Connects Undersea Cable to Iraq II-67 Alcatel-Lucent and Bezeq International Launch Jonah Submarine Cable System Linking Israel and Italy II-67 CALIENT to Provide Photonic Switching to SCCN II-67 Huawei Marine Inks Construction Contract for Hibernia Atlantic's GFN Project Express Segment II-67 PCCW Global Collaborates with Ciena to Upgrade RNAL Cable System II-67 Sify Technologies Sets Up Subsea Cable Landing Station in Mumbai II-67 Global Marine Bags Cable Maintenance Contract for the NAZ II-67 Bezeq International Unveils Undersea Cable II-67 5. FOCUS ON SELECT PLAYERS II-68 Alcatel-Lucent (France) II-68 Angola Cables (Angola) II-68 Bezeq International Ltd. (Israel) II-68 Bharti Airtel Limited (India) II-69 Cable & Wireless Communications Plc (UK) II-70 China United Network Communications Group Co., Ltd. (Hong Kong) II-70 Ciena Corporation (US) II-71 Emerald Networks, Inc. (US) II-71 Fujitsu Limited (Japan) II-72 Global Cloud Xchange Limited (UK) II-72 Globacom Limited (Nigeria) II-72 Gulf Bridge International, Inc. (US) II-73 Huawei Marine Networks Co., Limited (China) II-73 Infinera Corporation (US) II-73 Interoute Communications Ltd. (UK) II-74 Kokusai Cable Ship Co., Ltd. (Japan) II-74 Main One Cable Company Limited (Nigeria) II-75 Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (Japan) II-75 NEC Corp. (Japan) II-76 Norddeutsche Seekabelwerke GmbH (Germany) II-76 NTT World Engineering Marine Corporation (Japan) II-76 Orange Marine (France) II-77 Pacnet Limited (Singapore, Hong Kong) II-77 PCCW Global (Hong Kong) II-77 PIPE Networks Pty Ltd (Australia) II-78 Seaborn Networks LLC (US) II-78 StarHub Ltd. (Singapore) II-78 Tata Communications Limited (India) II-79 TE SubCom (US) II-79 Telkom SA SOC Limited (South Africa) II-80 Xtera Communications, Inc. (US) II-80 6. GLOBAL MARKET PERSPECTIVE II-81 Table 30: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Submarine Optical Fibers Cables by Geographic Region - Africa, Transatlantic, Europe & Mediterranean, Transpacific, South East Asia, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-81 Table 31: World Historic Review for Submarine Optical Fibers Cables by Geographic Region - Africa, Transatlantic, Europe & Mediterranean, Transpacific, South East Asia, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-82 Table 32: World 14-Year Perspective for Submarine Optical Fibers Cables by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Cumulative Installations for Africa, Transatlantic, Europe & Mediterranean, Transpacific, South East Asia, and Others Markets for the Years 2007, 2015 & 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) II-83 III. MARKET 1. AFRICA III-1 A.Market Analysis III-1 Need for Connectivity Drives Focus onto Submarine Cables III-1 Existing West African & East African Intercontinental Systems III-2 Table 33: Comparing Submarine Cable Systems in Africa (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-3 Table 34: African International Internet Bandwidth (2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of Internet Traffic Flow by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-3 Imminent Explosion in International Connectivity through Submarine Cables III-3 Proposed Sub-Saharan African Intercontinental Systems III-4 High-Capacity Submarine Cables to Wire-up Africa III-4 Emergence of VoIP Services III-4 African Countries Take Measures to Control High Cost of Bandwidth III-4 New Submarine Cables to Boost Internet Connectivity in Africa III-5 Extending Connectivity to Land-locked Nations is Key for Future Growth III-5 Seacom, EASSy Experience Problems on Undersea Cable Systems III-5 East Africa III-6 Submarine Cable Systems Spur Demand for Broadband Internet Services III-6 Surging Demand for Mobile Communications & Internet Services III-6 West Africa III-6 Launch of New Cable Systems to Bring Broadband Connectivity III-6 Southern Africa III-7 Nigeria III-7 Submarine Cable Systems to Drive-down Bandwidth Prices III-7 Delay in Approval for National Broadband Policy Affects Investments III-8 Strategic Corporate Developments III-9 Key Players III-12 B.Market Analytics III-14 Table 35: African Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Submarine Optical Fibers Cables Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-14 Table 36: African Historic Review for Submarine Optical Fibers Cables Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-15 2. TRANSATLANTIC III-16 A.Market Analysis III-16 Transatlantic: The Largest Submarine Cable Route III-16 A Glance at Existing Transatlantic Cable Systems III-17 Planned Transatlantic Cable Systems III-17 Table 37: Activated Transatlantic Capacity (2007-2013) (In Gbps) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-18 The United States III-18 US Government Tightens Control on Undersea Cable Services and Systems III-18 The New Framework and its Objectives III-19 Latin America III-19 Overview III-19 Table 38: International Bandwidth Demand in South America (2013): Percentage Share Breakdown by Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-20 New Wave of Projects Hit Latin America III-20 Brazil: A Lucrative Connectivity Target for Submarine Cable Projects III-21 Strategic Corporate Developments III-21 Key Players III-26 B.Market Analytics III-30 Table 39: Transatlantic Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Submarine Optical Fibers Cables Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-30 Table 40: Transatlantic Historic Review for Submarine Optical Fibers Cables Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-31 3. EUROPE & MEDITERRANEAN III-32 A.Market Analysis III-32 Outlook III-32 Europe III-32 Table 41: European International Internet Bandwidth by Region (2009-2013): Ranked by % CAGR for Ukraine, Belgium, Poland, Russia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Austria, France, Germany, Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark, UK, Spain and Italy (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-33 Finland Looks to Expand Bandwidth through New Submarine Cable Link III-33 South Asia & Middle East Submarine Cable Route: A Review III-34 Existing South Asian Interregional Systems III-34 Proposed South Asian Interregional Systems III-35 Submarine Cables in Asia: High Growth Opportunities III-35 India: Submarine Cables Market on Expansion Mode III-35 Telecom Majors Team Up for Submarine Cable Projects III-36 Monopoly Allegations in CLS Sector Hits Submarine Cables Market III-37 Accidental & Intentional Threats Affect Communications III-38 The Middle East III-38 Limited Submarine Cable Systems Lead to High Broadband Prices III-38 Table 42: A Synopsis of Proposed and Existing Submarine Cable Systems in Middle East and North Africa (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-39 Table 43: Middle Eastern International Internet Bandwidth (2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of Internet Traffic Flow by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-40 Egypt: An Important Host of Submarine Cables III-40 Strategic Corporate Developments III-40 Key Players III-46 B.Market Analytics III-50 Table 44: Europe & Mediterranean Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Submarine Optical Fibers Cables Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-50 Table 45: Europe & Mediterranean Historic Review for Submarine Optical Fibers Cables Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-51 4. TRANSPACIFIC III-52 A.Market Analysis III-52 Outlook III-52 Transpacific Route: A Brief Review III-52 Table 46: Activated Transpacific Capacity (2007-2013) (in Gbps) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-53 Existing Transpacific Cable Systems III-53 Planned Transpacific Cable Systems III-54 Japan: Earthquake and Tsunami Disrupt Fiber-Optic Submarine Cables III-54 Australia & New Zealand III-54 Existing Australia/New Zealand Intercontinental Systems III-55 Proposed Australia/New Zealand Intercontinental Systems III-55 High Cost of Internet Data Transmission over Submarine Cables III-55 Creating Mesh Networks for Greater Reliability and Faster Connectivity III-56 Pacific Fibre’s New Cable Plan Collapses III-56 New Cables: Still a Viable Proposition? III-56 Strategic Corporate Developments III-57 Key Players III-60 B.Market Analytics III-63 Table 47: Transpacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Submarine Optical Fibers Cables Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-63 Table 48: Transpacific Historic Review for Submarine Optical Fibers Cables Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-64 5. SOUTH EAST ASIA III-65 A.Market Analysis III-65 Outlook III-65 Pan-East Asia Route: A Review III-65 Existing Pan-East Asian Systems III-65 Proposed Pan-East Asian Systems III-65 Challenges Facing Intra-Asian Market for Submarine Cables III-66 Strategic Corporate Developments III-66 Key Players III-68 B.Market Analytics III-71 Table 49: South East Asia Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Submarine Optical Fibers Cables Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-71 Table 50: South East Asia Historic Review for Submarine Optical Fibers Cables Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-72 6. OTHERS III-73 A.Market Analysis III-73 Outlook III-73 North America-South America Route III-73 Existing US-Brazil Cable Systems III-73 Proposed Latin American Submarine Cable Systems III-73 Cuba Gets First Undersea Cable III-74 Arctic/ Polar Route III-74 Strategic Corporate Developments III-75 B.Market Analytics III-77 Table 51: Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Other Submarine Optical Fibers Cables Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2014 through 2020 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-77 Table 52: Historic Review for Other Submarine Optical Fibers Cables Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2007 through 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart) III-78 IV. COMPETITIVE LANDSCAPE Total Companies Profiled: 111 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 120) The United States (15) Canada (1) Japan (9) Europe (28) - France (4) - Germany (2) - The United Kingdom (7) - Italy (1) - Spain (4) - Rest of Europe (10) Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) (36) Latin America (8) Africa (15) Middle East (8)